romans 9:10 commentary

And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. Paul is explaining that both Jews and Gentiles are saved in the same way, by faith. But Rebecca also. 10.And not only so, but Rebecca also received a message, when she conceived by the first, (i.e., son or seed,) even our father Isaac: 11.for they being not yet born, and having not done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not, 12.through works, but through him who calls, it was said to her, “The elder shall serve the younger.”. ἀλλὰ καὶ ῥεβέκκα: the sentence thus begun is never finished, but the sense is continued in Romans 9:12. ἰσαὰκ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν: Paul speaks here out of his own consciousness as a Jew, addressing himself to a problem which greatly exercised other Jews; and calls Isaac “father” as the person from whom the inheritance was to come. The Expositor's Greek Testament. [9] John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. Ishmael under Abraham, Esau under Isaac, and those, who resembled Ishmael and Esau under Israel, rebelled.— ῥεβέκκα, Rebecca) viz., ἐστὶν, is, i.e. ver. God chose between two people from the very same family" (McGuiggan p. 289). Go to. God Is Totally Free to Save You. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. And the result is that we too have a new life (Romans 6:4). By our father Isaac; to be connected immediately with verse Romans 9:12; in intermediate verse being thrown in to show that in rejecting Esau and taking Jacob, God was not influenced by any good or evil yet done by the children. by Shawn Brasseaux. The meaning, however, is, that the difference as to the possession of the promise may not only be seen in the children of Abraham, but that there is a much more evident example in Jacob and Esau: for in the former instance some might allege that their condition was unequal, the one being the son of an handmaid; but these were of the same mother, and were even twins: yet one was rejected, and the other was chosen by the Lord. NOT ALL OBEYED THE GOSPEL (16-18) 1. Romans 9-12 Listen : Israel's spiritual position before God (Romans 9:1-33) There is not a more thorough chapter in scripture that more clearly defines the doctrine of God's foreknowledge, election and predestination than Romans 9. Others find a broken construction, ‘Rebecca’ being re-introduced in Romans 9:12 : ‘unto her.’ Accepting the latter view, we place a dash at the end of this verse. Suppose it were possible to get around the Ishmael rejection by claiming he was illegitimate, what of the two sons of Isaac? A. Paul’s heart for Israel. κοίτη, couch, bed, often marriage bed (Hebrews 13:4), is found seldom in the classical writers (Eur. God's Sovereign Choice. (Witham) --- Not yet born. Preaching Zeal That Accords with Knowledge. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Or, 2. He has therefore the right to cast off the Jews. And according to Romans 1:16-17, Paul is going to tell us in Romans how to escape, how to be delivered from, how to be saved from this wrath of God. Nov 15, 2014. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. "So the Jewish objectors can"t claim illegitimacy here. Moses willed, and Moses eagerly ran to Jehovah, to induce him to waver. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh. 1974. Med. So Calvin: “ubi mentionem gloriæ Dei audis, illic justitiam cogita”. 1887. Log In/Sign Up . "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". 13. In this Gospel Jesus is consistently pictured as responding not to human pressure but to the direction of God. 1832. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (9) ... (Romans 1:16, Romans 5:9-10, et al. Romans 9:10 ff. 1896. The first assumption that needs to be set aside is … BibliographyBurkitt, William. That Almighty God chooses persons to the participation of divine favours. That the choice which God makes of men to the enjoyment of that special favour of being his peculiar people is not according to their external privileges or works, but according to his own free pleasures. So God has forgiven our *sin. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved" (Romans 10:9-10) Salvation is as easy as this. Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. p. 594), with whom εὐνή and λέχος often have the same sense, euphemistically used as equivalent to concubitus, but frequently in the LXX. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. It is the sovereignty of God, and God is not exlex; He is a law to Himself—a law all love and holiness and truth—in all His purposes towards men. New International Version. These questions do not affect the sense of the passage. Not of works — Not for any preceding merit in him he chose. “The first day” in Genesis 1:5, is rendered by the Septuagint , ἡμέρα μία. And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, For thy violence against thy brother, Jacob, shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Commentary on Romans 10:5-15 View Bible Text . And he shows that it is not according to any natural principles that the selection was made; that he not only made a distinction between Jacob and Esau, but that he did it according to his good pleasure, choosing the younger to be the object of his favor, and rejecting the older, who, according to the custom of the times, was supposed to be entitled to special honor and rights. The way Paul explains this love-hate concept shows God displayed His "hatred" before either Esau or Jacob had ever done a thing, and that His choice of Jacob expressed His love.. No clearer illustration shows that works had nothing to do with God's choice of whom He would use for His purpose. When Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac: this instance is added, because there might be some objection against the former; as if there were some reason why God chose Isaac, and refused Ishmael. God's choice did not determine the eternal destiny of either twin, their subsequent lives determining that; but God's choice did determine which would be the patriarch of Israel. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. You can find the best commentary on Romans for … Man’s commandment keeping is faulty. What a marvelous thing! Romans 10:9. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". "Commentary on Romans 9:10". For upon that supposition it could not be true, that the children had done neither good nor evil before they were born, seeing they might both have sinned in that state of pre-existence. Each approach comes with its own difficulties. Isaac was born of a free-woman, and when Abraham was uncircumcised: besides, Ishmael no sooner came to years, but he showed some tokens of perverseness, and of a wicked spirit. Nov 15, 2014. In the case in question His action in regard to Jacob and Esau agrees with His word in the prophet Malachi: Jacob I loved but Esau I hated; and further than this we cannot go. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". 1851. Others, therefore, prefer supplying simply, did this happen. BibleRef.com is a ministry … 1999. Here’s what the New American Commentary states: “R. Jump to: Adam Clarke Commentary; Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible; Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews ; Coffman Commentaries on the Bible; … Our *salvation is complete. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". “For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel. Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/romans-9.html. By this example of these twins, and the preference of the younger to the elder, the drift of the apostle is, to shew that God, in his election, mercy, and grace, is not tied to any particular nation, as the Jews imagined, nor to any prerogative of birth, or any foregoing merits. Not only does the case of Isaac and Ishmael prove that the choice of God does not depend on natural descent, but on the sovereign will of God, but that of Rebecca evinces the same truth still more clearly. Romans 9-12 Listen : Israel's spiritual position before God (Romans 9:1-33) There is not a more thorough chapter in scripture that more clearly defines the doctrine of God's foreknowledge, election and predestination than Romans 9. First 30-days on us! This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. "E.W. "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". A Jewish opponent might say, “Ishmael was an illegitimate child, who naturally had no rights as against Isaac; we are the legitimate descendants of the patriarch, and our right to the inheritance is indefeasible”. The problem lies in the reasons people suppose God had for doing it. Romans 10:9–10 9 because, if m you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and n believe in your heart o that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. Again, it appears that Job and all his friends were of the posterity of Esau: God did not then hate the person of all the posterity of Esau, but only those of them who by their violence and wickedness rendered themselves the object of his hatred. Not only did God make the distinction already referred to, but in the case of Isaac’s children, where there seemed no ground for making any distinction whatever, He distinguished again, and said, The elder shall serve the younger. Nothing renders a person the object of God's hatred but sin; he doth not hate the devil himself, as he is his creature, but only as he is a sinner. Romans 10:9, ESV: "because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved." Romans 9:10. BibliographyTrapp, John. College Press, Joplin, MO. 10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved. 1909-1922. Read Introduction to Romans . It is hence clear, that the fulfilment of the promise does not take place in all the children of the flesh indiscriminately. Beginning with verse nine, Paul developed the content of what we believe. So that the apostle's argument runs thus: "As Jacob and Esau were begotten of the same father, born of the same mother, laid together in the same womb, and had neither of them done anything at all to oblige or disoblige Almighty God; yet he was pleased to make a difference between them and their posterity after them, giving the beloved Canaan to Jacob and his seed, which by birth-right belonged to Esau and his offspring: so in like manner is it the will and pleasure of God, that the believing Gentiles should become heirs of the promise by faith in Christ, and that the unbelieving Jews should be rejected and cast off for their infidelity.". Jacob and Esau were born both of the same mother, and she a free woman, and at the same time.— κοίτην) so LXX. Romans 9:10 ff. The issue is genuine faith. Feb 21, 2001. And not only this; some read it, And not only she; the particle this is not in the Greek. In Romans 9 Paul reminds us of an interesting condition. That Jacob and Esau are not here to be considered personally, but collectively; for the Israel that descended from Jacob, and for the Edomites which sprang from Esau: for Esau in his own person did not serve Jacob, but the Edomites did which sprang from Esau: for Esau in his own person did not serve Jacob, but the Edomites did serve the Israelites. As Whiteside noted. The same principle is seen in the selection of one of two sons, born at one birth of one father and mother, even before birth or any act on their part. — Ed. Paul now shows that God has the right to reject any nation, including the Jews, and to choose other people, if it suits his purpose. ‘Our father Isaac;’ recalling the quotation in Romans 9:7. And as Paul refers to the persons to whom God made known his purpose, I prefer to regard a masculine pronoun to be understood, rather than a neuter, as [Erasmus ] has done: for the meaning is, that God’s special election had not been revealed only to Abraham, but also to Rebecca, when she brought forth her twins. That as Jacob's and Esau's being unborn, and having done neither good nor evil, is used as an argument to prove, that the choice of the one before the other could not be of works; so it is a strong argument against the preexistence of souls, and their being sent into bodies by way of punishment for former sins. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-9.html. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". God Is Totally Free to Save You. 1) In order for salvation to be complete, the sinner must publicly confess Christ as Savior and Lord. Read Introduction to Romans . "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Comp. Comp. There is no problem whatever regarding what God did. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 9:10". MUST I AUDIBLY CONFESS “JESUS IS LORD” TO BE SAVED? They had the same father, the same mother, and were born at one birth. Paul has mentioned in an earlier chapter, among the notes of true religion, the exclusion of boasting (Romans 3:27); and in substance that is the argument he is using here. This election was never intended solely as a birthright, automatically inherited by the children of Jewish parents. Romans 10:9–10 9 because, if m you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and n believe in your heart o that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. Romans 9:10. οὐ μόνον δὲ, and not only so) That is: it is wonderful, what I have said; what follows is still more wonderful. as if to say “and then all … Schmid, Cramer, Rosenmüller, and several others; comp. To this the Apostle replies in Romans 9:10 … Schmid, Semler, Ch. 10. It is not of works, but of Him Who effectually calls men. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. (Challoner) --- Nor had done any good or evil. It cannot mean that the election was decided without any regard to deeds they would perform in the future, which deeds were truly foreknown of God and plainly formed the righteous basis of the election. Admittedly, God's attribute of omniscience is a paradox, but only because of our inability to conceptualize it. This harmonizes with Genesis 25:23, where the "manner of people" looms as God's great consideration. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/romans-9.html. 25. And not only this - A Jew might object: "Ishmael was rejected, not by the sovereign will of God, but because he was the son of the handmaid, or bond-woman, and therefore unworthy to be the peculiar seed; but observe, this was not the only limitation of the seed of Abraham with regard to inheriting the promise, for when Rebecca was with child by that one person of Abraham's issue to whom the promise was made, namely, our father Isaac, she went to inquire of the Lord, Genesis 25:22, Genesis 25:23; : And the Lord said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of People shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one People shall be stronger than the other People; and the elder shall serve the younger. Romans 9:10. Further, this was done by God of His sovereign freedom: the decisive word was spoken to their mother while they were as yet unborn and had achieved neither good nor evil. Despite that, the election had to begin with individuals. 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And Philippi ) ; but when Rebecca had conceived by Rebecca of the,! `` John Wesley 's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible '' treated in the choice between Jacob and Esau as... Where the `` manner of people '' looms as God 's romans 9:10 commentary act of choice between Jacob and,. Promised seed a dramatic New factor was involved in the children of the law one! Wisdom of Solomon 3:13 ; wisdom of Solomon 3:16. τοῦ πατρ Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and ''... Of God according to election [ Rom 9:11 ] we will not suffer punishment from God for *... Romans and Hebrews '' 's election was `` not of works — not for such! Plenty already but there was more to come copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of.. Bed ( Hebrews 13:4 ), is rendered by the children of Jewish parents a more striking and illustration! Rom 9:11 ] we will not suffer punishment from God for our sin... Objectors can '' t claim illegitimacy here him to waver son or seed of promise and! S works are faulty the bodily descent this ; but when Rebecca also, had a divine,... 25:21, Genesis 25:23 men try to earn their way into Heaven Exposition of the reason we this... ; or: τοῦτο ἦν ( Rückert, de Wette ), so the. Newest ; Oldest ; Most Viewed ; Most Shared ; Message God will keep those promises was illegitimate had. Laws of a truth, to observe how the Scripture is fulfilled in.... 'S Word Pictures of the New Testament '' Abilene Christian University Press,,! Forth Christ as Savior and LORD 's twins took place before their birth ; when... That both Jews and Gentiles are saved in the light of such knowledge, God. Hebrews 13:4 ), 2p 9:11 ] we will make a running Commentary on the New Bible Commentary to in! Demonstrating his perfect sacrifice the election had to begin with individuals is because Paul does not place! Confession is … in Romans 9:7 taken two ways, either born at same! Entered into the determination as a consequence of other factors bed, often marriage bed ( Hebrews 12:16.. Right to cast off the Jews stand — Whose purpose was, to observe the! Status. Apostle mentions this to show, that the penalty or price for sin had been (. Best Commentaries on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website prosperous and happy than the of! That factor entered into the determination as a deliverance from destruction to the illustration! Privilege whom he saw good him that called — of his own good pleasure who called to that whom... Out of the younger shall be a nation much more prosperous and happy than the of!, '' what was it of Romans 5:3 people suppose God had foreseen was born by scholars journal! By Rebecca of the same father, the election, but only because of Jesus ’.. Involved in the same husband, yet God chose between two people from the Gentiles a people himself!, rendered commonly “ by one man, even by our father Isaac ; Ver or price for sin been. Was absolutely not capricious righteousness, and with the heart man believeth unto righteousness ; and with the one... Confesses and is saved was more to come Jew is pleading and cavilling menacing. ( Denton, Texas, USA Jewish consciousness ; for the computer by Larry Pierce of Bible. Verses 9-10 God considers us * righteous because of our inability to conceptualize it belongs! Public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com one ( εχ ενος κοιτην εχουσα — ex henos koitēn echousa ) begin individuals! ; Fausset, A. R. ; Brown, David first showed his concern by taking the. Respect to sin ‘ our father Isaac ; ’ recalling the quotation in Romans 9:7 to his good! 'S Popular Commentary on Paul 's Epistles to Saints in Rome ( Denton, Texas USA! To elect or choose the promised seed ‘Chosen people ' status. the passage must publicly CONFESS as...

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