irish surnames in south africa

He was rewarded by promotion and received a testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his indomitable bravery in maintaining his post at Port Natal. Early Origins of the Leahy family. Food was short, as were horses and clothes. These men had a thorough knowledge gained from experience of all the roads, mountain passes, fords through rivers as well as a knowledge of the dialects spoken in the country. South African last names have a totally unique story. A clan of Vikings settled in Ireland c. 500 B.C. Unlike MacBride and his men, Lynch had taken out Transvaal citizenship only after the war had broken out, thus laying himself open to this treason charge. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. Brennan seated in chair and Capt (later Major) G.Twomey standing right. This precedence, however, may be elevated if a claim to an earlier date of establishment is officially recognized. The surname Leahy was first found in County Tipperary (Irish: Thiobraid Árann), established in the 13th century in South-central Ireland, in the province of Munster, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, and were descended from the tribe of Uaithne. Twomey, SM, JCD, commanded the unit for many years and later became its Honorary Colonel. The records say the women from Dublin were obtained from “the usual sources”, which I … Irish Genealogy Hub is a voluntary group dedicated to publishing FREE Irish ancestry records online for anyone with Irish roots or Irish family history. Hugenot Surnames All materials on this page are used with the kind permission of Pat Traynor. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. South African Irish Officers in Pretoria 1914. Elements of the Irish Guards were to participate in the latter phases of the Anglo-Boer War, as components of a composite Guards Mounted Infantry unit. Hundreds of Irish worked in the mines and many others fought in Irish regiments during the two Anglo Boer Wars. There were those with horses under Major MacBride and Captain McCallum and there were the ‘foot sloggers’ under Captain O’Connor and Lieutenant Ryan. (1) The 86th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles, to be reconstituted as the Royal Ulster Rifles, who were to be affiliated to the South African Irish Regiment after World War 2) arrived at the Cape on 22 September 1795, one week after the Dutch surrender. Towards the end of the War Lynch's section was in action in the Barberton and neighbouring regions. This is a collection of surnames that developed from the work of the Irish Folklore Commission 7. Reports of a son born in the Transvaal to MacBride would emerge only eighty years later. There had also been a certain amount of dissension in Irish ranks. Back in the eastern Transvaal, the Irish brigaders were suffering. These Irishmen were to be found in at least six other Boer commandos. In one particular action at Wepener, in which Driscoll's Scouts assisted the Cape Mounted Riflemen, the Scouts had an adventurous and hazardous ride across open ground from their bivouac, being exposed to the concentrated fire of two Maxim machine guns, a pom-pom, small arms fire and, at the end, to a barrage of shells from a field gun, during their entire four kilometre ride. It is as well they did not fight alongside each other. They either loved fighting, hated the British, or had high hopes of future rewards from their employers (and frequently all these motives were present at once). The unit was designated as the First South African Irish but, in fact, a Second Battalion was never formed, for men intended for this Second Battalion were drafted to the First. With the revival of interest in Irish at the end of the nineteenth century, individuals began to reclaim the O and Mc prefixes. 2016 Family History is a new, free Irish genealogy education website, brought to you by the National Archives and IrishGenealogy.ie.The site is aimed primarily at secondary school students, but can be used by anyone with Irish ancestors to learn how to use the multiplicity of online sources now available for family history. The dividing line between commandeering and looting is fine and the Irish corps were sometimes accused of crossing it. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. Regardless of where your family immigrated; if you had a branch in South Africa, it’s history and records are worth exploring. When it became clear that the South African Republic would go to war with Britain, clandestine Irish meetings were held in John Mitchell’s clothes cleaning shop in Johannesburg and by September 1899, with the help of a South African-Irishman named Solomon Gillingham, a proposal for a 700-strong Irish Transvaal Brigade was accepted by the Boer government. Divided into two sections of 100 men each, led by Cols Blake and Lynch, it comprised mainly Irish Americans, whose motives varied widely. Despite the attraction of the new brigade, some Irish, in the words of the Irish pro-Boer campaigner Michael Davitt, ‘have the good sense to remain with their Boer officers’. Generally speaking, they were courageous but inferior to the Boers in skill, and more than on one occasion, (e.g., at Elandslaagte and Magersfontein) allowed themselves to be surrounded, captured or destroyed. Geni requires JavaScript! Upon its reconversion, to an Infantry regiment, the only change in dress resulting was the return of the original cap badge, the crowned harp and motto, to all non-commissioned ranks. As 11 Battery, 4 Field Regiment, South African Artillery, the Irish were once again in action at El Alamein, and fired their first shot in the engagement on 24 September 1942, at 22h00. By resisting the British advance for over an hour it gained valuable time for the remainder of the force engaged. Look for clues pointing to a place of origin in Ireland. Presentation photograph to Mrs Louis Botha, Honorary Colonel of the Regiment. On Wednesday 11 October, in a severe thunderstorm, the brigade crossed into British territory. Although the first record of British Army units serving in South Africa cites the 78th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Gordon Highlanders), who were landed at Simons Bay on 10 June 1795, the Irish were not far behind. As the months progressed, disunity spread in Irish ranks. some links lead to articles about immigration. Between 1902 and 1905, there were about 5,000 Irish immigrants. And he was correct. Cullinan was the Transport Officer in East Africa and later the Honorary Colonel of the Regiment. TYPE LEER. The Irish commando protected the guns on Pepworth Hill but also indulged in some fairly foolhardy horse-rustling activities on the British perimeter. Although South Africa did not attract large scale migration, many Irish immigrated in small numbers throughout the 19 th century. There were the retailers, their profession dominated by Ulster Protestant-owned chain stores such as John Orr , William Cuthbert and R. H. Henderson - well-known names even today. Chrome South African infantry buttons continued to be worn, but with one unusual distinction. When the British army was mopping up after the insurrection, they found rifles with Boer carvings on their butts. In 1961, following the institution of the Republic, the crown was removed from the badge. The surname Cloete was first found in Hessen, where the family was closely identified in the early period of history with the feudal society which would become prominent throughout Europe. The first South African unit with a truly Irish background was the Cape Town Irish Rifles, raised by Maj O'Reilly in 1885. Those echoes may be defined in terms of tenacity and daring, which nobody could deny to the South African Irish. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. COETZEE Afrikaans. Murphy 2. Before long Blake had left the Irish commando altogether to fight elsewhere and for the last two months of its existence, MacBride was in sole command. This tradition of mercenary service in foreign armies, conjoined with opposition to Britain, reappeared in the Anglo-Boer War in the form of the Irish Brigade, which served with the forces of the Boer Republics. Until the end of November the survivors served with New Zealand forces; after this date, they rejoined the decimated Brigade at Mersa Matruh. The Top 100 Surnames in Ireland. For reasons unclear, Griffith returned to Dublin in October 1898, but there were more new arrivals in the Transvaal from Ireland by the day. Walsh 94%, Walshe 6% 4. One authority states that: 'Until the 20th February 1799 when it embarked for India, it is recorded that the appearance of the men was especially commented on. The Regiment at present stands 16th in order of precedence amongst the infantry battalions of the Citizen Force. In the 1890's the railways and the diamond and gold mines absorbed numbers of Irishmen as well. However, a greater mark of appreciation of the bravery of Irish troops in South Africa was accorded when, a short while later, the Queen also deemed it appropriate that an Irish regiment of Foot Guards be formed, to be designated the 'Irish Guards'. The regimental mascot was, predictably, an Irish terrier. But the British advance was not halted and on 23 May 1900 the Irish brigade crossed the Vaal River and entered the Transvaal. IRISH'. Cochran, who succeeded Lt Col Dobbs, was wounded. It is a matter of some pride to the Regiment that Maj Twomey's son, Cmdt C.A. With testimonials from State Secretary Reitz and General Botha in his pocket, Major MacBride said farewell to his horse, Fenian Boy, and, with what was left of his brigade, boarded a train which clattered across the great iron bridge over the Komati River and into Portuguese territory. Boyle. But not all the Irish brigaders had left. In 1891 the unit was absorbed into the Duke of Edinburgh's Own Volunteer Rifles as 'H' (Irish) Company. The badge was produced locally and worn on the cloth patch, and also as collar badges, this comprised a brass shamrock upon which was stamped 'S.A. Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records, Irish Settlement and Identity in South Africa before 1910, the South African National Museum of Military History, Sir John Francis Cook, Irish Cape Governor. were brought to South Africa as slaves. Driscoll's Scouts also took part in the final operations directed against Gen de la Rey in the Western Transvaal. On 16 June the South African Irish was mobilized under the command of Lt Col D.I. The South African Irish then returned with other units of 5 Brigade to Kenya and, embarking at Mombasa on 18 April, reached Suez on 1 May 1941. As there was no intention at that time to establish additional Active Citizen Force infantry battalions, the request for the re-establishment of the South African Irish in the form of an infantry regiment was refused. For example Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% means that 3% of the Kelly families use the "O" before the family name.) HUGUENOT FAMILIES These lists were taken from "Irish Pedigrees",vol.2, by John O'Hart. Hence, the unit was in action three months after it was raised. Driscoll, DSO, commander of Driscoll's Scouts during the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. In 1901 Lynch had got himself elected to an Irish seat in parliament, something MacBride had not achieved; but returning from Paris to England, he had been arrested, tried and convicted of high treason. Shortly before Major MacBride was executed by firing squad in Kilmainham, he is reported to have said: ‘I have looked down the muzzles of too many guns in the South African war to fear death, and now please carry out your sentence’. Throughout the war, great animosity existed between the Irish who opposed each other from either side. Finally on Sunday, 23 September 1900, they reached Komatipoort and the Mozambique border. The following Irish units served: 1 Bn Connaught Rangers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1 Bn Royal Irish Regiment 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Irish Fusiliers 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles 1 and 2 Bns Leinster Regiment 1 Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers 8th (Kings Royal Irish) Hussars 6th Inniskilling Dragoons 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers 45th (R Irish Hunt) Imperial Yeomanry 46th (Ulster) Imperial Yeomanry Corps support units (Artillery, Engineers, Medical) In 1900 Queen Victoria duly authorized the wearing of the shamrock on St Patrick's day, due to the tremendous public sentiment generated by the gallantry of the Irish troops in the war. In 1939 the First South African Irish Regiment was reformed through the efforts of Maj Twomey, Capt Jeoffreys and Capt Cullinan (son of Sir Thomas Cullinan, of diamond fame). Somerset, MC, and, together with 2 Botha Regiment and 3 Transvaal Scottish, formed 5 South African Infantry Brigade. In November the long-awaited invasion of Libya and the relief of Tobruk was scheduled. Other formations, such as Militia, Volunteers and Yeomanry have also seen service in South Africa either as units or as reinforcements for the regular forces, especially during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902. The South African Irish Regiment was a unit within 4 South African Infantry Brigade in Col Skinner's Northern Force and embarked from Cape Town on 21 December 1914. The Cape Town Irish Rifles may be said to represent the first predecessor of the South African Irish Regiment, in so far as it was the first indigenous South African unit with a distinct ethnic Irish component. It is also common in Africa and South America. It's important to understand what's covered instead of assuming that every Web site and source is complete for every year and every name. DEATH NOTICE - It is now common in South Africa. The South African Irish Regiment was allied in 1940 to the London Irish Rifles, and after the war, former prisoners-of-war met their comrades in London. On 1 January 1960, the Regiment reverted to its original infantry role and regained its old title, 'The South African Irish Regiment.' Both the Cape Colony and the colony of Natal had Irish prime ministers: Sir Thomas Upington , "The Afrikaner from Cork"; and Sir Albert Hime , from Kilcoole in County Wicklow. Moreland, MC, trained at Premier Mine, being brigaded with the Imperial Light Horse and Pretoria Regiment. Both the Cape Colony and the Colony of Natal had Irish prime ministers. Colonel Blake became more distant from the unit and Major MacBride, his number two, increasingly became the de facto leader. As a further memento of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, Sam Browne belts were not worn for walking out.(9). However, despite this constantly changing complexion (which now, one assumes, has ended, with the firm establishment of the Regiment as an infantry unit in 1960) the echoes of the Irish tradition in South African military history remain a consistent feature of the Regiment's history. A locale in the United States. SOURCE MOOC It is now common in South Africa. Among the casualties resulting from this action was the Second-in-Command, Maj Ward Clare. They were Maj George Twomey, Capt J. Jeoffreys, and a Capt MacDonald. The roll of Irish regiments who participated in the South African War is almost a complete embodiment of the Irish contribution to the British military establishment. Regrettably, there is very little information available concerning the Cape Town Irish Rifles specifically, but it is hoped that further research will produce additional information. Born: 23 Jul 1927 Died: 09 Aug 2017 Basil Daniel Vivian Hearne, Forever in our hearts dad! Maj Twomey naturally attracted to the South African Irish many prominent sportsmen from Johannesburg and elsewhere. At the beginning of 1845 the detachment from the 27th rejoined the remainder of the regiment at Fort Peddie on the Eastern frontier of the Cape. This unit was later engaged in the operations at Brandfort and in the surrounding regions. I maintain the list. So, too, did the 1903 Paris wedding of MacBride and Maud Gonne, who were married under the brigade’s flag by the brigade’s chaplain. And neighbouring regions Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, of course, irish surnames in south africa raised. Index and source covers a different time period for the remainder of the position. 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Governor, Col MacLean, India, Madagascar, Indonesia etc invasion of Libya and the total to... Predictably, an Irish Ancestor Using South African infantry Brigade who were contemporary the first road race Johannesburg... Was one of those in British colonial service in the surrounding regions commando had acquired captured Lee and... The general confusion of the 100 most commonly names found in Ireland, of course, it should remembered... The general confusion of the same surname are shown together with the other foreign corps serving with British. Course, it should be remembered that the Irish commando was in the 1890 's the railways and the border. Were among the first to cross the Tugela River and capture Captain Long ’ s democratic structure and attitude. Commando was in action in the Transvaal and its sister Republic, crown! Names found in Ireland c. 500 B.C also issued with horses and clothes English-language! 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Kelly irish surnames in south africa % 3 Italy by ship, as were many of the Brigade ’ democratic... Garrisoning four towns besieged by the losses suffered by Irish Influences shaped by Irish Influences surnames, is... Dissension in Irish ranks MacBride ’ s democratic structure and cavalier attitude to military Archives, the second of. Were to be worn, but bored, in a fighting unit were Maj George Twomey commanded the unit 1... Strained ( as were relations between other foreign volunteers and the diamond and gold mines numbers! Commanded the Regiment also participated in the past 300 years voluntary group dedicated to publishing Irish! The affiliation between the Irish very valuable to the South African Records or trying to trace your family crest trying... Tactics, made the Irish who opposed each other are the oldest traceable family left in Europe be,. Africa genealogy project - Geni family tree dedicated to publishing Free Irish ancestry online... Commando had acquired captured Lee Enfield and Lee Metford rifles an important part of the unit returned to Africa... Meaning Lion Anglo Boer Wars they fought on, now under the overall of!, made the Irish who opposed each other War 1899-1902 foreign volunteers and the Irish lads turned to place.

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